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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 202-206

Risk factors for active trachoma among children aged 1-9 years in Maksegnit town, Gondar Zuria District, Northwest Ethiopia


1 Department of Optometric, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gonder, Gondar, Ethiopia
2 Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Haimanot Gebrehiwot Moges
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar
Ethiopia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-0521.127069

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Background: Trachoma is a leading preventable infectious eye disease caused by repeated infection with eye strains of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Developing countries that have poor environmental sanitation, inadequate water supply, and poor socioeconomic status are highly exposed with the disease. Aims of the study: The aim of the research was to assess the risk factors of active trachoma among children 1-9 years old in Maksegnit town. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional community based study was conducted in April 2012; in Maksegnit town located at Gondar Zuria District, North Gondar, northwest Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: A total of 420 children (age 1-9-years-old) from 420 households were included in the study. All children were examined for trachoma by optometrists and ophthalmic officers using the World Health Organization (WHO) simplified clinical grading system. Interviews and observations were used to assess risk factors. Descriptive statistics was carried out for variables in the study and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to assess the association between the potential risk factors and active trachoma. Result: The prevalence of active trachoma was found to be 100 (23.8 %). Unclean face (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 4.12; 95% CI = 1.92-8.81), flies on face (AOR = 2.310; 95% CI = 1.32-4.05), and using wood and animal dung as a source of energy for cooking (AOR = 2.190; 95% CI = 1.152-4.163) were independent predictors of active trachoma. Conclusion: Trachoma is still a major public health problem in the study area. Trachoma prevention programs that include smoke-free household energy, fly control, sanitation, and hygiene are recommended to lower the burden of trachoma in Maksegnit town.


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