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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-87

Knowledge and adherence to coronavirus disease 2019 preventive measures: A bi-national web-based survey

1 Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Sociology, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Nigeria
4 Department of Biotechnology, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
5 Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
6 Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Olabode E Omotoso
Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_272_20

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Background: Within few months of its outbreak, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has ravaged over 200 countries, resulting in over a million deaths. As the disease curve flattens in most countries, the instituted guidelines were receded to mitigate the effect on citizens and the national economy. Aims: To assess the knowledge and level of adherence of Nigerians and Egyptians to the COVID-19 preventive measures. Settings and Design: A validated web-based cross-sectional questionnaire was utilized to obtain 915 respondents via a convenient sampling technique. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from Egyptians and Nigerians who gave consent for participation and are above 18 years of age. Statistical Analysis Used: Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, v. 20. Chi-square test, correlation and one-way analysis of variance were performed to test for relationships between variables. Statistically significant results (P < 0.05) were subjected to further test. Results: Most Egyptians (87%) had satisfactory COVID-19 knowledge compared to Nigerians (40%). Age (18–30 years), tertiary education and educational background were factors that influenced respondents' knowledge. Although majority (73%) believe that the prevention measures are required to curtail the menace of COVID-19, the adherence of most respondents (59.1%) to the measures was unsatisfactory. The pandemic and the regulatory policies negatively affected respondents' education, school or job (90.3%), finance (87.9%) and social interaction (87.5%). Conclusion: Both countries showed a good knowledge of the disease but poor adherence to the preventive measures. The pandemic negatively affected people's finance, education, job, and social interaction.

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