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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-33

Prevalence of classified groups of health problems in the local, internally displaced persons, and Afghan people in the District Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Elementary and Secondary Education Department, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Muhammad Ashraf Khan
Elementary and Secondary Education Department, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_31_22

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Background: Health problems are one of the global concerns and affected mostly human well-being and performance. Aims: The current study determined the prevalence of different classified groups of health problems in the local, internally displaced persons, and Afghan people living in Bannu during 2016–2019. Settings and Design/Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective study. Data were taken from the official computerized record of all patients who visited the outpatient department in the Khalifa Gul Nawaz Teaching Hospital, Bannu, for diagnosis and treatment during the study period. Statistical Analysis: Pearson's Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to determine the significant difference, followed by post hoc tests pairwise. Results: Aggregate data for the said period indicated medical category with 18.2% health cases, followed by children (11.4%), eye (10.7%), chest (9.4%), and orthopedic (7.9%). Each of the remaining health problems showed ≤5.7% prevalence. Men demonstrated 37.1% of health cases, followed by women (35.4%), and children (27.5%). The local population showed a less annual prevalence of cases in 2016 compared to the remaining years, while internally displaced persons contributed 29.5% and 9.8% of overall cases in 2016 and 2017, respectively. Afghans accounted for <0.2% annually and an aggregate of 0.15% of overall cases. The local population data also indicated health problems were highest in men (≥37.4%) followed by women (≤37.2%) each year from 2016 to 2019, while internally displaced person data showed children had the highest prevalence (≥39.8%) of health cases followed by women (≤30.3%) each in 2016 and 2017. Afghan men showed the highest prevalence (35.5%) of all Afghan cases, followed by Afghan children (33.2%) in 2016, while Afghan women showed the highest prevalence of ≥39.8% of all Afghan cases annually during 2017-2019, followed by Afghan children (≤36%). The local population accounted for 91.4% of cases, followed by internally displaced persons 8.5%, and Afghan people 0.1% of cases. Conclusions: Overall, medical group and men showed the highest number of cases. The local population showed higher cases during 2017–2019. Both Afghan men and women showed reduced prevalence and increased prevalence during 2018–2019 and 2019, respectively.

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