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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-151

Umbilical granulomas and umbilical polyps: Comparative evaluation with silver nitrate cauterization and surgical excision

Department of Paediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Gupta
Associate Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjhs.sjhs_34_22

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Background: Umbilical granuloma (UG) and umbilical polyps (UPs) are the most common umbilical abnormalities in neonates, causing inflammation and drainage. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the technique of silver nitrate cauterization and surgical excision on both UG and UP in pediatric patients. Settings and Design: A prospective study on UG and UP was carried out in a high-volume tertiary care teaching institute from January 2015 to December 2020. Materials and Methods: The patients were randomly distributed by chit method into two groups: Group A treated with surgical excision and Group B treated with silver nitrate cauterization. Statistical Analysis: The unpaired Student's t-test was used to find the existence of any statistical significance between the parameters of the two groups. Results: There were 105 patients with 59 males and 46 females. There were 70 patients in Group A and 35 in Group B. Most of the patients in both Group A and Group B were between >1 and 3 months of age group. Blood mixed umbilical discharge was the most common complaint. There was complete resolution of symptoms in 100% of patients in Group A. In Group B, success with first attempt with cauterization was achieved in 20 (57.14%) patients and 12 (34.29%) patients after the second attempt. In Group B, successful management was achieved in 2 (5.71%) patients after the third attempt combined with double ligation. In 1 (2.86%) patient, there was an incomplete response to cauterization. Minimal perilesional burn (in the umbilicus) was observed in four cases, two each in the UG and UP groups. Conclusions: The technique of silver nitrate cauterization for both UG and UP is a simple, less expensive, and safe procedure in experienced hands. Most patients show complete responses at the first attempt. In others, complete resolution is accomplished at the second or third attempt. Surgical excision should be performed in cases with an incomplete response and larger lesions.

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