Saudi Journal for Health Sciences

: 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-

Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review

Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi 
 Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
P. O. Box 55302, Baghdad Post Office, Baghdad

How to cite this article:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review.Saudi J Health Sci 2018;7:141-141

How to cite this URL:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review. Saudi J Health Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Jun 27 ];7:141-141
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Dear Sir,

I read with interest the case report by Ismail et al. on the mastoid osteoma (MO) in a Nigerian patient.[1] It is noteworthy that patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more liable to have different neoplasms compared to healthy controls. The increased propensity of neoplasms among HIV-positive patients has been attributed to many factors, including immunosuppression, coinfection with oncogenic viruses, and life prolongation secondary to the use of antiretroviral therapy.[2] Among these neoplasms, osteoma has been reported in HIV-positive patients.[3] To the best of my knowledge, Nigeria is among sub-Saharan countries remarkably affected with HIV/AIDS. The recently published data pointed out to 12.9% HIV seroprevalence in Nigeria with urban/rural disparity.[4] I presume that underlying HIV infection ought to be considered in the studied patient. Hence, planning for the diagnostic panel of viral overload and CD4 count estimations was solicited. If that diagnostic panel was accomplished and it revealed underlying HIV infection, the case in question could be confidently regarded a novel case report of HIV-associated MO in Nigeria.

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1Ismail NJ, Lasseini A, Koko AM, Shehu BB. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a case and literature review. Saudi J Health Sci 2017;6:176-8.
2Valencia Ortega ME. Malignancies and infection due to the human immunodeficiency virus. Are these emerging diseases? Rev Clin Esp 2018;218:149-55.
3Camozzato C, Basso Fde O, Duquia RP, Boff AL, Almeida HL Jr. Facial miliary osteoma in HIV patient. An Bras Dermatol 2011;86:S66-8.
4Okonkwo UC, Okpara H, Otu A, Ameh S, Ogarekpe Y, Osim H, et al. Prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency viruses, and evaluation of risk factors for transmission: Report of a population screening in Nigeria. S Afr Med J 2017;107:346-51.